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Above left  Media messaging by Al Qaeda hits the target Top right   An  icon across the categories/  Bottom right Beyond UN help, desperate and starving refugees  (Click)

(Pictured) American rapper named The Game with words from Ferguson - words that spread across the US after another black teenager died from a police officer’s shots. Courtesy: Instagram

General Manager Nita Wiggins


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Grading the International Community after the Arab Spring

Crying out: 'Clause 475 killed me'

By Nabil Ethan Hajji 

These could have been Amina El Filali's last words before she committed suicide last year. The 16-year-old Moroccan girl was another among countless victims of the patriarchal system of laws. She was forced to marry a man who allegedly raped her. She did not want that fate and swallowed rat poison. End of the story.

"I must admit that this drama has triggered a new debate within the Moroccan society and among politicians," said activist Khadija Ryadi, chairwoman of the Moroccan association for human rights (AMDH).  Despite the deliberations, she added: "Yet, a new law is needed, based on human rights, and that would tone with the existing international conventions ratified by the country. In particular, children rights and the abolition of all sources of discrimination against women."

This is a typical situation in Morocco, where clause 475 of the penal code allows a rapist to marry his minor victim and avoid jail. Accepting this deal was a way for Amina's parents to prevent family shame, a cultural behavior. Amina had little say.

"The parliament opposition party made a proposition to modify clause 475. The minister of Justice accepted it, extending jail sentences for rapists from 5 to 30 years.  The penal code needs to be changed completely," continued Ms. Ryadi.

Currently, the only woman in the government is Bassima Hakkaoui, the minister of Women's Rights and Social Development. "The clause 475 can not be repealed in two days. It will be discussed cautiously because some Moroccan traditions are deep-seated. The families have to be involved in the final decision," according to Ms. Hakkoui.

A captive population for rape

By Audrey Vaugrente

Women are not safe in Somali refugee camps and the law doesn’t support them, said the UN in reporting nearly 2,000 rapes in the confined quarters in 2012. In the country's largest's refugee camp, Tarabunka camp in Mogadishu, the gatekeepers themselves are the alleged perpetrators.

A cleverly-constructed wall of secrecy around them hides these brutal crimes.

“Sexual abuse in the camps for displaced people in Somalia is a real issue, and any effort to expose, denounce and deter these crimes should be supported,” UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said. “It is deeply disturbing that a woman alleging rape can be penalized for reporting such a crime, and a journalist jailed for investigating it.”

The United Nations tries to fight this. The Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict will visit in July to help the Somali government stop sexual assaults. The main concern of this commission will be to secure the camps. Gatekeepers are not charged if they allegedly commit rape a refugee. Currently, 1.3 million people across Somalia are internally displaced persons (IDPs),  according to the group Refugees International. 

“Seventy per cent of the sexual violence that is taking place is actually done by armed men in uniform,” the UN's Zainab Bangura said during her visit to Somalia in April. “This could be militia, it could be police, it could be soldiers.”

In early May, the UK and the United Arab Emirates held The Somalia Conference and announced $3 million in funding to tackle the ongoing sexual violence problem.

Sexual violence in Somalia is enhanced by the war that began twenty years ago. In 2012, the UN counted at least 1,700 victims of rape in camps for displaced people. This statistic does not include rapes that were not reported.

Mourners say the laws need to change to save the lives of women in Morocco.

‘Karma’ turns on Eric Garner’s friend

in the aftermath of his death by police chokehold  in New York police   Photo: Stefan Jeremiah

Scandals won’t slow down NSA, US spying

By Antoine Llorca

Recently opened in the US is the world’s largest data storage facility. The heavily fortified, $2 billion building in Bluffdale, Utah demonstrates the country's continuation of its international spying program.

US Senator Marco Rubio said: “Everybody spies on everybody; I mean that is just a fact.” Indeed, he said what everybody is thinking; the US’s global spying started under J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI in the 1930s.

The world changed after 9/11, and it changed after Boston. It's just a struggle to try to balance our deeply held convictions of privacy and freedoms and liberties with our need to provide for national security,” continued Sen. Rubio, a staunch supporter of the NSA surveillance program.

The Bluffdale data center allows NSA to record all forms of communication, such as the contents of private emails, cell phone calls, and Google searches. It also stores parking receipts, travel itineraries, bookstore purchases. Such a facility shows that the US, under the Obama administration, is following the path to total surveillance, inaugurated by the Bush Administration in 2003.

Powering such a gigantic facility will cost $40 million a year.

According to President Obama, the US must maintain its NSA surveillance activities. “I think it’s important to understand that you can’t have 100 percent security and then have 100 percent privacy and zero inconvenience,” he said.

Other politicians support the NSA, also. Shortly after Le Monde’s revelations regarding the NSA’s spying in France, Mike Rogers, House Intelligence Committee chairman, said: “ I would argue, by the way, if the French citizens knew exactly what that was about, they would be applauding and popping champagne corks. It’s a good thing. It keeps the French safe. It keeps the US safe.”

Late in 2013 former US Vice President Dick Cheney declared on CNN: “That intelligence capability is enormously important to the United States, to our conduct of foreign policy, to defense matters, to economic matters. And I am a strong supporter of it.”

Statements like these and the evidence on the ground in Bluffdale, Utah, show the NSA has reached the point of no return. It revived Pres. Bush's  “total information awareness” program that was created in 2003. Congress had killed it because of the terrible outcry from Americans, but the collection plan is back now and Americans have no more expectation of privacy.

Storing secrets near Salt Lake City, Utah  and Eagle Mountain  Photo by Redicecreations

World Toilet Day: Dangers, no laughing matter

By Clotilde Penet

More than 2.5 billion people on the

planet - or one in three - do not have

access to a clean and safe toilet,

according to the UN. That means

more people have mobile phones

than adequate toilets.

"What? You think I piss in the

subway stations? Well, to be honest,

sometimes I do! But usually I just hold

on and try not to go. It's quite easy. I

don't drink much," said Bernard,* a

38-year-old homeless man in Paris.


Access to proper toilets is lacking in even the most developed cities and countries.  The French capital city offers 400 public toilets. But sometimes homeless people opt out of using them for safety’s sake.

"I use the public toilets when I need it. But once in a while, they are occupied or so dirty that I prefer to look for some place in the streets. I have no toilet paper. I use what I'm lucky to find," shared Charles,* a 58-year-old homeless man, also in Paris, France.

When the numbers speak, they show that more people die worldwide from diseases related to not having a toilet than from HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.  Those deadly diseases include cholera, dysentry, typhoid, diarrhea, and other heavy stomach complications. According to UNICEF studies, there are about 4 billion cases of diarrhea alone per year from which 1.8 million people die.

The UN declared Nov. 19, 2013 the first ever World Toilet Day to point out the problems.  The Singapore delegation noted: "The name is catchy and humorous, but it serves to capture the public's attention and focus on the challenges of sanitation and toilets."

Furthermore, in July 2010, the UN officially recognized access to wastewater facilities and services as a human right.

Changes in both behavior and policy on the issue, from enhancing water management to ending open-air defecation, remain quite urgent. This international day raised global awareness, but more people need to recognize the danger. The initiative is designed to implore everyone to "give a sh* *. "                                     *Names were changed.   


Unsanitary and deadly bathroom conditions in the US and other developed countries. Courtesy Joey BLS

Silencing, attacking homosexual minority in Belarus

By Clotilde Penet

Most of the former USSR republics abolished criminal sanctions for homosexuality over the past 20 years. The result? Nothing changed -- discrimination against homosexual communities continues.  With the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s anti-gay language angered people who believe in human rights for all people.  Though independent from the former Soviet bloc, the neighboring country of  Belarus is doing no better.


"I don't want to hide myself. I live openly. It is not easy in Belarus, but I want to show people that I am a person like everybody," said Belarussian Ihar Tsikchanyuk, an openly gay man and a drag performer. 

He conducts his life like everyone else.  He says hello and goodbye. He smiles, laughs, dresses well and expresses himself. He eats and drinks.  He has personal hopes and desires; definitely, he is a human being.

In January 2013, the 30-something activist attempted to establish a Lambda Human Rights Center in Minsk, the capital. His aim was to create an association to protect lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people because no such organization existed.

Instead of successfully getting his idea off the ground, he was held in a police station, beaten, threatened and abused by policemen, he told Paris Amnesty International workers. 

"They asked me to withdraw my registration request. They told me I would be safer staying home than having public activities," explained Mr. Tsikchanyuk, remembering the day of the assault. 

Belarus was the third republic of the former USSR to decriminalize sanctions for homosexuality in 1994. But, the LGBT community faces high levels of negative stereotypes and social prejudice today. Even worse: these attitudes are supported by the Belarus President, Alexander Lukashenko, said Mr. Tsikchanyuk and other activists.  Read more  

Missing the Pain in Spain, a family explains  

By Pierre Guidez

(MURO D’ ALCOI, Spain) In national reports, it's often taken for granted that Spain serves as the epitome of  a “country in crisis.”  Since 2009, Spain's world reknown and alluring beaches have been systemically associated with its economic slump, high unemployement rate, and reputedly lazy workers. A sort of “Club Med,” as Angela Merkel once said. But sharing the real-life experience of a Spanish family -- by living its daily life – may give another point of view to this crisis.

“Well, you know, life is not that

hard here,” says Manuel Cascant,

50. Married to Carmina Pérez and

father of Sonia and Rita, he has

always lived in Muro d’Alcoï, a little

town of 8,000 people, located

between Valencia and Alicante.

People don’t speak Spanish there.

They can, of course. But they prefer

using Valenciano, a local language,

nearly identical to Catalan. It closely resembles the French language. Surrounding Muro, mountains and dozens of olive trees fields burn under the blaze of the Mediterranean sun.

“I would never exchange my life for yours,” continues Manuel, “and the economic crisis does not change that at all.”

Of course, there are drawbacks. The price of the Cascant family home drastically dropped in only 4 years. It went from $166,428 in 2009 to $42,460 in 2013, explains Mr. Cascant.  But still, the head of the household claims “that does not really matter because, in Spain, you don’t sell your house that easily.”  For him, the reason is simple:  “Spain is still quite traditional and, 'family house'  really means 'family house,' at least in villages like ours.”

Now people may think the situation in a small town does not represent the whole country’s situation. It would be dishonest to say the contrary. But again, living a non-tourist experience in a Spanish city may change some opinions.

Sonia Cascant, 20, left Muro to study in Valencia, the capital of La Communitat Valenciana with 798,000 residents. She says her father is a bit extreme in his views and she dreams of a life outside of her native country because of the lack of jobs.

With an unemployment rate of 25.6% in 2013 (54% for young people), it is difficult to build a future. But still, she recognizes the quality of life compensates for a lot of things.

“People may earn $970 a month, but people know how to live,” Sonia says. 

With a medium salary of $1,005 dollars a month in Spain, it would be easy to think Spain’s citizens are depressed. But the Spanish culture of fiestas shields the people perfectly from the pain of the economic crisis. Everyday of the week, people crowd into bars until 3 in the morning.  They fill the streets, too.  It provides a  striking image of the country.

“There is something else I have noticed: public spirit,” continues Sonia, the university student. “For example, here in Valencia, 50% of the traffic lights do not have any red lights. They only have a twinkling orange light. But I have never seen any car forcing its way in front of a pedestrian.” 

Another shocking fact for foreign visitors: streets are as clean as a whistle.  The town does not give the impression of a population that's suffering through a crisis of confidence, nor lack of pride and civility. “You may think these are daily facts, but that affects the  quality of living,” says Sonia.

How much discontent is there in Spain?

Video alert: Explaining ‘Unconscious Superiority and Inequality’ 

Troops standing guard within Favela dô Metrô. Courtesy: RioOnWatch

Not negotiable; a World Cup shame in Rio’s favelas

By Marlène Haberard

Each time the same routine: the host city of a world sporting event has to clean up its streets. Rio de Janeiro's “Marvelous City” renovation before the World Cup brings with it a land grab that possibly violates the human rights of people in the poorer areas, called favelas.

“I am particularly worried about

what seems to be a pattern of lack

of transparency, consultation,

dialogue, fair negotiation, and

participation of the affected

communities in processes

concerning evictions undertaken

or planned in connection with the

World Cup and Olympics,” said

Raquel Rolnik, Special Rapporteur

of the UN Human Rights Council.

More than 8,000 evictions took

place in the past three years: a figure

first reported by RioOnWatch, an NGO that studies consequences on residents and local communities. Evictions are non-negotiable.  If an  inhabitant manages to prove he occupied his home for more than 5 years, the city has to financially compensate him.  Compensation is generally under the current market price, according to Marcelo Armstrong, a tour guide in the favelas since the 1990s.

“Going against the city is a very unequal fight,” said Marcia, a resident of the favela dô Metro. “People are scared of losing their homes. When the authority comes, they always say to us: if you don’t accept this offer, a tractor will come and destroy your home.”

The evictions and land grabs make way for transportation and parking improvements and security upgrades, in general.

The favela dô Metrô is located near the legendary Maracanã stadium, which will be used for World Cup games in June and the 2016 Olympics.  A new parking area has to be built where the Vila dô Metrô stands. Since 2010, more than 700 families have been evicted and relocated into social housing, about 35 miles away from their original homes.


Popular Committee for the World Cup and Olympics estimates that about 170,000 Brazilians could be affected by evictions due to sports events-- by 2016. The number could be 30,000 people in Rio, where the “Marvelous City” program launched in 2008.

Unconscious Superiority and Inequality 

Rapping against racism, hatred and Ferguson police shooting 

By Laurine Guilhen

The shooting death of unarmed American teenager Michael Brown inspired Lauryn Hill’s Black Rage anthem about racial inequality. Hip-hop artist J.Cole’s Be Free pleads for an end to deadly gunfire. The latter reached the No. 1 spot on the Trending 140  six days after the black 18-year-old was killed by white officer Darren Wilson.

“Can you tell me why every time I step outside, I see my n- - - - - die?” questions J.Cole in the lyrics.

Other hip-hop and rhythm and blues artists collaborated on Don’t Shoot, initiated by The Game. The protest song brings together Rick Ross, 2 Chainz, Diddy, Fabolous, Wale, DJ Khaled, Swizz Beatz, Yo Gotti, Curren$y, King Pharaoh and TGT.

Said The Game: "I am a black man with kids of my own that I love more than anything, and I cannot fathom a horrific tragedy like Michael Brown's happening to them. This possibility has shaken me to my core." 


He further explained: "We care and are inclined to take a positive approach to resolving an issue that has existed since the beginning of mankind and that is racism and hatred towards one another as human beings."

The result: the 6-minute Don’t

Shoot protest song. 

“Yo, come on we gotta stick

together, we all we got

Police taking shots and I ain't

talkin' 'bout Ciroc

I'm talking 'bout Emmett Till,

I'm talking bout Ezell Ford

I'm talking 'bout Sean Bell,

they never go to jail for

Trayvon over Skittles, Mike

Brown Cigarillos.”


Meanwhile, the rappers encourage the citizens to protest in peace with this lyric:


“My only question is, what we doing for the loss

Of Mike Brown, 'cause right now, I challenge you to use your talents to

Speak up, and don't you ever let them silence you

'Cause action speaks louder than words, that's what I heard.”

From The Game’s twitter account

Unconscious Superiority and Inequality 

No One Indicted for Eric Garner’s Death … except the Man who Filmed It

By Alexandre Quinio

Ramsey Orta thought he could make a difference, denounce police brutality and restore justice for his friend Eric Garner. Five months later, it was all for nothing – and even worse. On July 17, 2014, Orta filmed the fatal and illegal chokehold on Garner. One week earlier, he had filmed another brutal beating of an unarmed black man in the same location.  


“Once you have proof they can’t go against that,” said Orta in a video interview on the New York Times website. Apparently not: a Staten Island grand jury did not indict the policeman who choked Garner to death, while another grand jury indicted Orta on a weapons charge.


According to Staten Island prosecutor Daniel Donovan, “There's no probable cause to indict Officer Daniel Pantaleo,” seen on a widely watched amateur video wrapping his arm around Garner's neck, as the 43-year-old gasped repeatedly “I can't breathe!” during the July 17 confrontation. On the other hand, Orta is facing criminal charges: Policemen alleged that they saw him give a gun to a teenage friend, in a location “known for drug dealing,” on August 2, 2014.


The 22-year-old man says that he is innocent of those violations: “I had nothing to do with this. I would be stupid to walk around with a gun after me being in the spotlight.” According to him, his arrest is a retaliation for his testimony: “The same cop that searched me, he told me clearly himself that ‘karma’s a bitch,’ and ‘what goes around, comes around.’ ”


Instead of being celebrated for being a whistleblower, Orta is now treated like a criminal and could go to jail. Worse, the decision not to indict Officer Pantaleo suggests that the use of cameras on policemen – an idea that emerged after the Ferguson case – may not ensure justice after all in those kinds of incidents, despite indisputable video proof.


However, Ramsey Orta still believes in the importance of what he did: “A lot of New Yorkers get abused by the police everywhere. I just hope I give people the courage to not be scared of these people.”

Charb, the first to fall from Al Qaeda black list


By Maxime Lavoine, March 15, 2015

Ten people from Al Qaeda’s worldwide kill list, published in its jihadist magazine “Inspire,” remain under threat of assassination.  The official quote reads: “Searched dead or alive for crime against Islam.” The first one to fall, however, is Frenchman Stephane Charbonnier, also known as “Charb,” killed by the Kouachi brothers on January 2015 in Paris.


Launched in 2010, “Inspire” spreads the propaganda of Al Qaeda. And the way it looks, the way it operates, demonstrates the wealth of the terrorist organization. Al Qaeda extends its message with this magazine; a magazine that seems to be executed by communications professionals because of its refined appearance and its detailed content.




About the appearance: it is written with proper English and published with an attractive design and crisp photos using a glossy, high-quality stock of paper.

As for the content, it fulfills the expectations of its target audience. You can find jihadist interviews, recipes for home-made bombs, and instructions on how to burn a car.


The worst is yet to come: sadly, it cements its purpose with the list of 11 people, initially, to be killed. By the way, the anti-American feeling is quite obviously displayed with the use of the famous Barack Obama campaign slogan, “Yes, we can!” a recognizably sarcastic slap.


Who's targeted? Novelists, journalists, politicians, and religious leaders.                                                     Al Qaeda’s kill list

US decision time 2016

Who votes for Ben Carson?


By Kim Armengol, December 14, 2015

After the fourth Republican debate on Nov. 10 in Milwaukee (Wisconsin), Dr. Ben Carson gained about 6,800 followers on Twitter. It’s not a perfect indicator of a candidate’s performance in America’s 2016 election for president because accounts can be spoofed. Promoted tweets can be bought and users might even follow a candidate as a joke. But who are the real people supporting and voting for Ben Carson?


“Ben Carson puts God and family first, but he’s more than a church person. As a doctor, he’s smart; he could better save the country,” said Daniel, 31, a voter who lives in San Jose, California.

A husband and father of 3 adult children, Carson is an Adventist who believes in the Sabbath and in creationism. He’s well-known for his controversial statements about slavery or more recently his view that “the pyramids of Egypt were built by the biblical patriarch Joseph as grain silos.”

Dr. Ben Carson (on the left) wins by not playing the race card in the US presdential election.

He displays remarkable savviness in his approach to politics, however, because he avoids choosing black people over white people. As an African-American man who climbed out of the  difficult economic situation of his birth family, Dr. Carson never really embraces either side of America's racial divide. Declaring that black people shouldn’t “complain” about racism, he feels the solution comes from within.

“White people don’t have to bear any of the racial baggage that comes with being black in America,” he says, and thus he captures white Conservative votes. Dr. Carson emerges at a time when some voters and political commentators lay the blame for America’s current climate of racial strife at the feet of Pres. Barack Obama, the country’s first bi-racial president.


“Dr. Carson is not playing the game of 'white or black? I have to choose a side,' and I think that’s why he’s so popular. But I really think that he’s denying the real problems in America, such as racism,” said Apolline, 25, a New York City resident.


On the other side, he compares everything he dislikes to slavery to attract black Conservative votes. The 64-year-old former neurosurgeon draws pretty well in black evangelical communities. The likely reason: this is a community very sensitive to the charge of racism. Dr. Carson even entered the political scene with a strong comparison: “Obamacare (the national health program passed under Pres. Obama) is the worst thing that happened to this country since slavery.

If we compare when the Rev. Jesse Jackson ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988, Jackson made the same analogy to social assistance programs to reach African American religious communities.


The resident of West Friendship (Maryland) parrots what most Conservatives think concerning abortion, gun control and gay people. He talks a lot about his personal life and his personal redemption through religion, which makes him approachable for Conservative people. But, as a Republican, will this candidate with a dossier of non-choices draw enough loyal supporters to be selected as the party's nominee? 


Candidate Carson, an iron in a velvet glove


By Laurine Guilhen, February 26, 2016

Dr. Ben Carson looked like the more “sincere” and “honest” option for Republicans at first blush. Potential voters rallied behind him, early on, in part because of his demeanor that’s more compassionate than the GOP field. But, as primary voting and caucuses start, he’s suffering because of his political inexperience. As he shows his weaknesses, especially on foreign policy, opponents and journalists smile and smirk; and voters pull the levers for other candidates.


«I think we ought to fight [Russia] on an economic basis because Putin is a one-horse country: oil and energy,” said Dr. Carson, when questioned what he’d do if, hypothetically, Russia invaded Estonia and he were the US president. 

The sentence of incoherent mixed metaphors made Twitter react:







It’s not the first time that the former neurosurgeon sounded weird; and even sometimes, his language sounds as harsh as Donald Trump’s. But if his Republican opponent is an irritable and volatile guy, Carson sparks humorists, such as Jimmy Fallon, who like to caricature him as an old man who is always sleeping. 

Yet, it doesn’t keep him from saying stupid things with very controversial ideas.

« As a doctor, I spent many a night pulling bullets out of bodies. […] There is no doubt that this senseless violence is breathtaking — but I never saw a body with bullet holes that was more devastating than taking the right to arm ourselves away. Serious people seek serious solutions.”

And: «I would not advocate that we put a Muslim in charge of this nation. I absolutely would not agree with that.”

And: «A lot of people who go into prison straight and when they come out, they’re gay, so did something happen while they were in there? Ask yourself that question.”


With these quotes, the 64-year-old candidate created his political trademark. His ideas and convictions come largely from his Seventh Day Adventist faith. Christians comprise a great part of the Republican Party, so they could have been seduced by his speech as the primary season moves on. He didn’t convince them in the first caucus in Iowa, however; he finished fourth.

Carson ignites social media, but not the voters in 2016. The 64-year-old’s tweets about Putin cause him riducule. Source: twitter


US decision time 2016

Music for President

By Cerise Robin  May 23, 2016                                             Republican money, music

Politicians accept the influence of music and megawatt musicians, so that’s why Hillary Clinton wants to keep Kanye West in her camp. The husband of Kim Kardashian has announced that he is seriously considering a run for president in 2020; to which the frontrunner for the 2016 election, Mrs. Clinton, answered: “I’ve told Kanye that I think that he might want to wait because I’ll be running for re-election.» 

Mrs. Clinton, who leads Sen. Bernie Sanders in the delegate count for the Democratic nomination,  said in an interview on «Another Round» on MTV on October 13, 2015 that Mr. West could be her Vice President.

“I might want to try to give him some additional experience so he’s got, on all the other things he’s done on his resume, he’s got some kind of envoy role or something he could point to, but I would not rule out anybody for Vice President.


Katty Perry posted this photo on Instagram and Twitter with Clinton on June, 22, 2014. The singer tweeted that she would write an anthem for the Democratic candidate..@katyperry Clinton responded: Well that’s not a Hard Choice. You already did! Keep letting us hear you Roar — Hillary Clinton (@HillaryClinton) 

Musical Style

In an election campaign, music becomes a slogan. Michael Bourmendil, creator of the SNCF jingle, explained on twitter that "it often reveals more than a slogan. It says a truth that words hide." The music passes on the values of the candidate, his state of mind ; it reveals his tastes. Like a slogan, the music draws people closer to him.  

That's why a candidate's playlist must be energetic and carefully programmed.

Sen. Barack Obama, elected president in 2008, gave Americans a hopeful message. He chose "a bit of Wilco and a taste of No Doubt" and Stevie Wonder. American optimism with rock and soul was also reflected in his famous slogan "Yes you can."

Following the trend of the current president, Democratic candidates in 2016 bank on popular music to touch the hearts of the millennial and Generation Y voters. The Clinton campaign spent $90,000 to develop a playlist to lift the crowd at the rallies. On the program: her supporters Katy Perry, Lady Gaga, Pharell Williams and others. Fourteen songs in total. 

The goal? Being positive! Keep a leg up and one step ahead of the competition. Showing diversity engages a large electoral spectrum. 

Donald Trump, 69 years old, plays the youth card with his music, too. Michael Stipe, Adele, Twisted Sisters. But unlike the former First Lady, artists who disagree with the Republican candidate don't look at being on his list with a favorable eye. 

He talks about revolution in his meetings; he takes Tracy Chapman to reinforce his message. 

To be or not to be supported : what is the reality?

«Bernie Sanders is one of us,» said Graham Nash, formerly of The Hollies; Crosby, Stills & Nash; and Jefferson Starship. He supports the 74-year-old US Senator from Vermont. Mr. Nash is like many older music stars, for example, 59-year-old Mike Watt of the Stooges and all of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, who prefer Sen. Sanders in the presidential race. 

The choices about music show a sort of generational comfort. Everybody does a favor for the other. Politicians gamble on hit songs that everyone will like. 

Their support propagates the message, but it’s used to make money for the campaign war chests, also. Indeed, multi-millionaires like Jay Z and 50 Cent help Mrs. Clinton. They can both support her campaign financially and in the media. Songs have, in fact, a double job - except for Republicans who are less supported by the artistic community than Democrats. 

                                               Republican money and music in 2016